Learning disabilities affect 1 in 10 children of school age. These problems can be detected in children from the age 5 and are a major concern for many parents as they affect school performance and interpersonal relationships of their children. A child with learning disabilities usually have a normal level intelligence, visual and auditory acuity.
He is a boy who tries to follow the instructions, to concentrate and behave well at home and at school. Your challenge is to capture, process and master the tasks and information, and then develop them later. The child with this problem simply can not do the same as others, although their level of intelligence is the same.
8 tracks to detect learning problems in children
Girl struggling to study and learn
The child with specific learning problems presented unusual patterns, when perceiving things in the external environment. His neurological patterns are different from other children of the same age. However, they share some kind of failure at school or in your community.
When a child has trouble processing the information received, he betrays his behavior. Parents should be vigilant and observe the most common signs indicating the presence of a learning disability:
- Difficulty understanding and track tasks and instructions.
- Trouble remembering what someone just told him.
- Difficulty to master the basic skills of reading, spelling, writing and / or mathematics, so fails schoolwork.
- Difficulty distinguishing between right and left, to identify words, etc. You can have a tendency to write letters, words or numbers in reverse.
- Lack of coordination when walking, playing sports or performing simple activities like holding a pencil or tying a shoelace.
- Easy to lose or misplace their school supplies, books and other items.
- Difficulty understanding the concept of time, I confused the ‘yesterday’, with the ‘Today’ and / or ‘tomorrow’.
- Tendency to irritation or express excitement with ease.
Characteristics of learning problems
Children with learning disabilities often have, according to the list obtained from Learning When is a Problem / LDA (Learning Disabilities Association of America) , features and / or deficiencies in:
Reading (vision) The child is very close to the book; She says words out loud; notes, substituted, omitted and invests the words; sees double jump and read the same line twice; not read fluently; It has little understanding in oral reading; omits final consonants in oral reading; excessive blinking; you cross your reading, she tends to rub their eyes and complain of itchy; It presents problems of visual impairment, poor spelling, among others.
Writing Reverses and varies the height of the letters; leaves no space between words and does not write over the lines; take the pencil awkwardly and has not defined whether right or left handed; moves and places the paper incorrectly; is written with the finger; It has a loosely organized thinking and poor posture.
Auditory and verbal The child is apathetic, cold , allergy and / or asthma often; mispronounce words; mouth breathing; complains ear problems ; you feel dizzy; It goes blank when spoken to; High speech; It depends on other visually and observe the teacher closely; You can not keep more than one instruction at a time; TV sets and radio with high volume.
Math Students invests numbers; He has trouble telling time; poor understanding and memory of numbers; not responding to mathematical data.